March 29, 2010
Breaking Down Ableton Live’s Control Bar
Getting familiar with various aspects of Ableton Live’s interface is the key to efficiency. Ableton’s Control Bar is no exception, this guide was mainly set up as a reference, but may be read top to bottom for a full understanding of all of Live’s controls.
Live’s Control Bar
The small area at the top of Live’s interface is known as the control bar. As it’s name implies it’s meant to control different aspects of Ableton Live. It features a transport panel for controlling playback and recording, a MIDI section, loop settings, a CPU load meter and a hard drive overload indicator (just to name a few).
Metronome And Tempo Settings
- Tap Tempo – Have a song or audio file, but not sure what tempo it is? Click this button (or better yet map it to a MIDI key) while rhythmically counting “1 and 2 and 3 and 4” to yourself. Every time you count a number click the tap button. If your timekeeping is decent, you’ll find a close approximation of the tempo.
- Tempo – Use this to adjust the tempo of your overall track. Click and hold this button with your mouse button and drag up to set the tempo higher, and down to set it lower. Alternatively, you can double click this box and enter a number with your keyboard. Make sure you hit enter to commit the tempo.
- Nudge Up/Nudge Down – This handy tool will allow to shift the tempo of your set ever so slightly. Ideal for synchronizing with live musicians, or other sources.
- Time Signature – Change the numerator (the first number) and the denominator (second number) of your time signature. The most commonly used time signatures are 4/4 and 3/4. Feel free to get experimental with signatures like 5/4 and 7/8.
- Metronome – The official timekeeper of Ableton Live. To use it, simply activate it by clicking on it. Next, hit play on the transport panel, and you’ll hear the metronome keeping time for you. You can also right click the metronome to set the amount of count-in bars.
- Follow – This option can only be used in Arrangement View. When your Live set is playing in Arrangement view, use this option to have Ableton Live “scroll” or “page” along while the project plays.
- Arrangement Position – This will change the position of your “play head” by bars, beats, and sixteenth notes (from left to right). Also mainly only used in arrangement view, but can also be used to scrub audio loops in session view.
Play/Stop/Record – Either click the play button or hit space bar to begin playback in Live.
Clicking the stop button (or hitting the space bar during play back) once will stop playback exactly the time you activated it, clicking stop twice will bring you back to the beginning of your arrangement.
The record button is not just for recording audio, but will record any automation, record clip launches into arrangement view and any property changes to a clip.
Overdub – Say you’re recording a MIDI performance on a loop. By default, Ableton Live will automatically overwrite any notes you’ve played once the loop starts over. Live does, however, store all of your takes within the clip.
If this option is enabled, Live will simply write all of the MIDI notes with each pass. So, for example, if you play three C notes, and on the next pass, you play three G notes, both notes will play back.
Back To Arrangement – When playing back clips in Session View, this button will turn red. What this means is that if you have launched 2 out of 5 tracks in Session View and go back to Arrangement View, you’ll notice these tracks have been grayed out.
What does this mean? Well, even if you have edited the same clips in Arrangement View, none of that matters , since they are being triggered or looped back in Session View. In short, when you’re in Arrangement View, disable this to get accurate playback of your arrangement.
Global Quantization Menu – Go into session view, drop a clip in, and trigger it. Now immediately after triggering it, try to re trigger the clip by hitting the play button next to it. Notice how it doesn’t instantly react when clicked? This is due to Live keeping your clips in sync with each other through global quantization.
For example, if you have your global quantization set to 1 bar, it will take a whole 4 counts before your clip is re launched. For anyone wanting to use Ableton Live as a live performance tool needs to get used to these clip launch settings
- Draw Tool – A handy tool that allows you to freehand automation information, and also draw and erase MIDI notes in the piano roll window.
- Loop Start/Punch-In Point – This option allows you to change the location of your loop brackets in Arrangement Mode. Just like the Arrangement Position section, this is broken down into bars, beats and sixteenth notes. Great for slightly nudging your loop brackets.
- Punch-In/Punch-Out Buttons – Enable the punch-in button to only start recording once the cursor has reached the beginning of the loop brackets you’ve set. Enable the punch-out button to stop recording once it’s reached the end of your loop brackets. This is great for dropping a performances in and out of certain parts.
- Enable/Disable Loops – Enable the punch-in button to only start recording once the cursor has reached the beginning of the loop brackets you’ve set. Enable the punch-out button to stop recording once it’s reached the end of your loop brackets. This is great for dropping a performances in and out of certain parts.
- Loop/Punch-Region Length – This option will allow you to set the length of your loop brackets. It is organized in bars, beats and sixteenth notes.
- Computer MIDI Keyboard – Activate this button to use your QWERTY keyboard as a MIDI control. Ctrl + Shift+ K is the the short cut for turning it on and off.
- Key Map Mode Switch – With this toggled on, you can map certain parts of Live (knobs, triggering clips, on/off switches, etc) to your QWERTY keyboard. Once you’ve entered key map mode, parts of Live will turn orange, these are areas that can be double clicked, then have a key assigned to them. Make sure to exit Key Map Mode before continuing.
- MIDI Map Mode Switch – Pretty much the same thing as Key Map Mode Switch, except this is used map your MIDI controller to certain parts of Live. For example, I have physical knobs on my MIDI keyboard, if I wanted to control the filter cutoff knob on the “Analog” soft synth, I would enter MIDI map mode. When areas of Live have a blue overlay on them, double click the cutoff knob on screen, make an movement with the knob on the MIDI keyboard, and exit MIDI map mode. Note: you need to enable the “remote” section under the MIDI preferences.
- CPU Load Meter – Depending on how powerful your computer is, you can only have so many things going on in Live at once. Some computers can handle 2 effects and 1 soft synth, while others can handle hundreds. Keep an eye on this meter, and if you get audio drop outs and glitches, you may be pushing your processor too hard.
- Hard Disck Overload Indicator – Just like your CPU, your hard disk can be overloaded as well. This usually lights up when you have too many files playing at once. Once again, depending on your hardware, some computers can handle more than others.